The Helmholtz Climate Initiative’s two main clusters are Net Zero 2050 (mitigation) and Adapting to Extreme Events (adaptation):
Limiting the rise of the global mean temperature to below 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to preindustrial levels is fundamentally possible. However, it will require rapid and consistent reductions in emissions. In the Net Zero 2050 (mitigation) cluster, four research projects focus on finding ways to bring about such emission reductions. Another aim is to research possibilities of extracting carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere to achieve what is known as negative emissions, for example through reforestation, rewetting bogs, or technical processes.
The global mean temperature has already risen by 1.1 degrees Celsius compared to the preindustrial age. Despite all efforts being made to reduce emissions, this warming will continue or persist for a long time to come and entail many changes for our lives, including with regard to our health, urban planning and development, and our mobility. In a total of nine projects, the Adapting to Extreme Events (adaptation) cluster researches what exactly these changes may mean for us. The results will simulate or model future scenarios. These insights will provide stakeholders and decision-makers with a new basis on which to take action.